CAS OpenIR  > 中科院上海原子核所2003年前
Radical cations in the OH-radical-induced oxidation of thiourea acid tetramethylthiourea in aqueous solution
Wang, WF(王文峰); Schuchmann, MN; Schuchmann, HP; Knolle, W; von Sonntag, J; von Sonntag, C
1999
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY
ISSN0002-7863
Volume121Issue:1Pages:238
AbstractHydroxyl radicals were generated radiolytically in N(2)O-saturated aqueous solutions of thiourea and tetramethylthiourea. The rate constant of the reaction of OH radicals with thiourea (tetramethylthiourea) has been determined using 2-propanol as well as NaN(3) as competitors to be 1.2 x 10(10) dm(3) mol(-1) s(-1) (8.0 x 10(9) dm(3) mol(-1) s(-1)). A transient appears after a short induction period and shows a well-defined absorption spectrum with lambda(max) = 400 nm (epsilon = 7400 dm(3) mol(-1) cm(-1)); that of tetramethylthiourea has lambda(max) = 450 nm (epsilon = 6560 dm(3) mol(-1) cm(-1)). Using conductometric detection, it has been shown that, in both cases, OH(-) and a positively charged species are produced. These results indicate that a radical cation is formed. These intermediates with lambda(max) = 400 nm (450 nm) are not the primary radical cations, since the intensity of the absorbance depends on the substrate concentration. The absorbance build-up follows a complex kinetics best described by the reversible formation of a dimeric radical cation by addition of a primary radical cation to a molecule of thiourea. The equilibrium constant for this addition has been determined by competition kinetics to be 5.5 x 10(5) dm(3) mol(-1) for thiourea (7.6 x 10(4) dm(3) mol(-1) for tetramethylthiourea). In the bimolecular decay of the dimeric radical cation (thiourea, 2k = 9.0 x 10(8) dm(3) mol(-1) s(-1); tetramethylthiourea, 1.3 x 10(9) dm(3) mol(-1) s(-1)), formamidine (tetramethylformamidine) disulfide is formed. In basic solutions of thiourea, the absorbance at 400 nm of the dimeric radical cation decays rapidly, giving rise (5.9 x 10(7) dm(3) mol(-1) s(-1)) to a new intermediate with a broad maximum at 510 nm (epsilon = 750 dm(3) mol(-1) cm(-1)). This reaction is not observed in tetramethylthiourea. The absorption at 510 nm is attributed to the formation of a dimeric radical anion, via neutralization of the dimeric radical cation and subsequent deprotonation of the neutral dimeric radical. The primary radical cation of thiourea is deprotonated by OH- (2.8 x 10(9) dm(3) mol(-1) s(-1)) to give a neutral thiyl radical. The latter reacts rapidly with thiourea, yielding a dimeric radical, which is identical to the species from the reaction of OH(-) with the dimeric radical cation. The dimeric radical cations of thiourea and tetramethylthiourea are strong oxidants and readily oxidize the superoxide radical (4.5 x 10(9) dm(3) mol(-1) s(-1) for thiourea and 3.8 x 10(9) dm(3) mol(-1) s(-1) for tetramethylthiourea), phenolate ion (3 x 10(8) dm(3) mol(-1) s(-1) for tetramethylthiourea), and even azide ion (4 x 10(6) dm(3) mol(-1) s(-1) for thiourea and similar to 10(6) dm(3) mol(-1) s(-1) for tetramethylthiourea). With Oar the dimeric radical cation of thiourea reacts relatively slowly (1.2 x 107 dm(3) mol(-1) s(-1)) and reversibly (2 x 10(3) s(-1)).
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding Project应物所项目组
WOS IDWOS:000078079200028
Citation statistics
Cited Times:85[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.sinap.ac.cn/handle/331007/10137
Collection中科院上海原子核所2003年前
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, WF,Schuchmann, MN,Schuchmann, HP,et al. Radical cations in the OH-radical-induced oxidation of thiourea acid tetramethylthiourea in aqueous solution[J]. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY,1999,121(1):238.
APA Wang, WF,Schuchmann, MN,Schuchmann, HP,Knolle, W,von Sonntag, J,&von Sonntag, C.(1999).Radical cations in the OH-radical-induced oxidation of thiourea acid tetramethylthiourea in aqueous solution.JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY,121(1),238.
MLA Wang, WF,et al."Radical cations in the OH-radical-induced oxidation of thiourea acid tetramethylthiourea in aqueous solution".JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY 121.1(1999):238.
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