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Temperature determined by isobaric yield ratios in heavy-ion collisions
Ma, CW(马春旺); Pu, J(普洁); Ma, YG(马余刚); Wada, R; Wang, SS
2012
Source PublicationPHYSICAL REVIEW C
ISSN0556-2813
Volume86Issue:5
AbstractBackground: Temperature (T) in heavy-ion collisions is an important parameter. Previously, many works have focused on the temperature of the hot emitting source. But there are few systematic studies of the temperature among heavy fragments in peripheral collisions with incident energies near the Fermi energy to a few A GeV, though it is very important to study the property of neutron-rich nucleus in heavy-ion collisions. Purpose: This work focuses on the study of temperature associated with the final heavy fragments in reactions induced by both the neutron-proton symmetric and the neutron-rich projectiles, and with incident energy ranges from 60A MeV to 1A GeV. Methods: Isobaric yield ratio (IYR) is used to determine the temperature of heavy fragments. Cross sections of measured fragments in reactions are analyzed, and a modified statistical abrasion-ablation (SAA) model is used to calculate the yield of fragment in 140A MeV Ni-64 + Be-9 and 1A GeV Xe-136 + Pb-208 reactions. Results: Relatively low T of heavy fragments are obtained in different reactions (T ranges from 1 to 3 MeV). T is also found to depend on the neutron richness of the projectile. The incident energy affects T very little. Delta mu/T (the ratio of the difference between the chemical potential of neutron and proton to temperature) is found to increase linearly as N/Z of projectile increases. It is found that T of the Ca-48 reaction, for which IYRs are A < 50 isobars, is affected greatly by the temperature-corrected Delta B(T). But T of reactions using IYRs of heavier fragments are only slightly affected by the temperature-corrected Delta B(T). The SAA model analysis gives a consistent overview of the results extracted in this work. Conclusions: T from IYR, which is for secondary fragments, is different from that of the hot emitting source. T and Delta mu are essentially governed by the sequential decay process.
Language英语
Funding Project应物所项目组
WOS IDWOS:000311715200003
Citation statistics
Cited Times:29[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.sinap.ac.cn/handle/331007/13310
Collection中科院上海应用物理研究所2011-2019年
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Ma, CW,Pu, J,Ma, YG,et al. Temperature determined by isobaric yield ratios in heavy-ion collisions[J]. PHYSICAL REVIEW C,2012,86(5).
APA Ma, CW,Pu, J,Ma, YG,Wada, R,&Wang, SS.(2012).Temperature determined by isobaric yield ratios in heavy-ion collisions.PHYSICAL REVIEW C,86(5).
MLA Ma, CW,et al."Temperature determined by isobaric yield ratios in heavy-ion collisions".PHYSICAL REVIEW C 86.5(2012).
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