CAS OpenIR  > 中科院上海应用物理研究所2011-2020年
Lamellar orientation of polyamide 6 thin film crystallization on solid substrates
Zhong, LW; Ren, XK; Yang, S; Chen, EQ; Sun, CX; Stroeks, A; Yang, TY;;
Source PublicationPOLYMER
AbstractWe studied the lamellar orientation of polyamide 6 (PA6) thin films with the thickness ranged from similar to 5 mu m to similar to 20 nm on different solid substrates. The lamellar morphology was observed using atomic force microscopy and transmission electron microscopy, and the lamellar orientation was characterized using two-dimensional (2D) grazing incidence wide-angle X-ray diffraction (GI-WAXD) and selected area electron diffraction (5AED). The 2D GI-WAXD results indicate that in the films thicker than similar to 50 nm PA6 lamellae of the alpha-form are preferentially edge-on with the ab-planes (b is the chain axis) parallel to the substrate. Decrease of film thickness leads to higher order of the orientation. This edge-on orientation is insensitive to the surface properties of the substrates changed from hydrophilic to hydrophobic, suggesting that the low energy hydrogen bonded sheets of PA6 are prone to lying down in the film. For the films on the hydrophilic substrate with thickness less than similar to 50 nm, the edge-on orientation remains. On the other hand, on a more hydrophobic substrate, flat-on lamellae can be detected by SAED when the film thickness is reduced to be less than 50 nm. An unexpected result is that in the similar to 30 nm-thick thin films the strong confinement effect can result in flat-on lamellae of PA6's gamma-form, although the crystallization temperature applied did not favor the gamma-form formation. We consider that in comparison with that of the alpha-form lamellae with a lath-like shape, the growth of more symmetrical lamellae of the gamma-form with large lateral dimensions can reduce more the free energy of the very thin film. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
KeywordAtomic-force Microscopy X-ray-diffraction Low-density Polyethylene Ultrathin Films Crystal-structure Polymer-films Quantitative Information Isotactic Polypropylene Nylon-6 Yarns Growth Shape
Indexed BySCI
WOS IDWOS:000340812300116
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Document Type期刊论文
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GB/T 7714
Zhong, LW,Ren, XK,Yang, S,et al. Lamellar orientation of polyamide 6 thin film crystallization on solid substrates[J]. POLYMER,2014,55(16):4332—4340.
APA Zhong, LW.,Ren, XK.,Yang, S.,Chen, EQ.,Sun, CX.,...& orientation of polyamide 6 thin film crystallization on solid substrates.POLYMER,55(16),4332—4340.
MLA Zhong, LW,et al."Lamellar orientation of polyamide 6 thin film crystallization on solid substrates".POLYMER 55.16(2014):4332—4340.
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