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题名:
Bioinspired trimodal macro/micro/nano-porous scaffolds loading rhBMP-2 for complete regeneration of critical size bone defect
作者: Tang, W; Lin, D; Yu, YM; Niu, HY; Guo, H; Yuan, Y; Liu, CS
刊名: ACTA BIOMATERIALIA
出版日期: 2016
卷号: 32, 期号:-, 页码:309—323
关键词: BIOACTIVE GLASS SCAFFOLDS ; ENHANCED OSSEOINTEGRATION ; TISSUE REGENERATION ; DELIVERY-SYSTEMS ; GROWTH-FACTORS ; REPAIR ; ANGIOGENESIS ; BIOMATERIALS ; OSTEOGENESIS ; COMPOSITES
DOI: 10.1016/j.actbio.2015.12.006
通讯作者: Yuan, Y ; Liu, CS (reprint author), E China Univ Sci & Technol, Minist Educ, Engn Res Ctr Biomat, Shanghai 200237, Peoples R China.
文章类型: 期刊文献
英文摘要: Critical size bone defects raise great demands for efficient bone substitutes. Mimicking the hierarchical porous architecture and specific biological cues of natural bone has been considered as an effective strategy to facilitate bone regeneration. Herein, a trimodal macro/micro/nano-porous scaffold loaded with recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) was developed. With mesoporous bioactive glass (MBG) as matrix, a trimodal MBG scaffold (TMS) with enhanced compressive strength (4.28 MPa, porosity of 80%) was prepared by a "viscosity controlling" and "homogeneous particle reinforcing" multi-template process. A 7.5 nm, 3D cubic (Im3m) mesoporous structure was tailored for a "size-matched entrapment" of rhBMP-2 to achieve sustained release and preserved bioactivity. RhBMP-2-loaded TMS (TMS/rhBMP-2) induced excellent cell attachment, ingrowth and osteogenesis in vitro. Further in vivo ectopic bone formation and orthotopic rabbit radius critical size defect results indicated that compared to the rhBMP-2-loaded bimodal macro/micro- and macro/nano-porous scaffolds, TMS/rhBMP-2 exhibited appealing bone regeneration capacity. Particularly, in critical size defect, complete bone reconstruction with rapid medullary cavity reunion and sclerotin maturity was observed on TMS/rhBMP-2. On the basis of these results, TMS/rhBMP-2 developed here represents a promising bone substitute for clinical application and the concepts proposed in this study might provide new thoughts on development of future orthopedic biomaterials. Statement of Significance Limited self-regenerating capacity of human body makes the reconstruction of critical size bone defect a significant challenge. Current bone substitutes often exhibit undesirable therapeutic efficacy due to poor osteoconductivity or low osteoinductivity. Herein, TMS/rhBMP-2, an advanced mesoporous bioactive glass (MBG) scaffold with osteoconductive trimodal macro/micro/nano-porosity and osteoinductive rhBMP-2 delivery was developed. The preparative and mechanical problems of hierarchical MBG scaffold were solved without affecting its excellent biocompatibilities, and rhBMP-2 immobilization in size matched mesopores was first explored. Combining structural and biological cues, TMS/rhBMP-2 achieved a complete regeneration with rapid medullary cavity reunion and sclerotin maturity in rabbit radius critical size defects. The design conceptions proposed in this study might provide new thoughts on development of future orthopedic biomaterials. (C) 2015 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
收录类别: SCI
语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000371649100030
ISSN号: 1742-7061
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.sinap.ac.cn/handle/331007/25655
Appears in Collections:中科院上海应用物理研究所2011-2017年_期刊论文

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Recommended Citation:
Tang, W,Lin, D,Yu, YM,et al. Bioinspired trimodal macro/micro/nano-porous scaffolds loading rhBMP-2 for complete regeneration of critical size bone defect[J]. ACTA BIOMATERIALIA,2016-01-01,32(-):309—323.
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