Uptake Mechanisms of Eu(III) on Hydroxyapatite: A Potential Permeable Reactive Barrier Backfill Material for Trapping Trivalent Minor Actinides
Xu, L; Zheng, T; Yang, ST; Zhang, LJ; Wang, JQ; Liu, W; Chen, LH; Juan, DW; Chai, ZF; Wang, S; Wang, S (reprint author), Soochow Univ, Sch Radiol & Interdisciplinary Sci RAD X, Suzhou 215123, Peoples R China.; Wang, S (reprint author), Jiangsu Higher Educ Inst, Collaborat Innovat Ctr Radiat Med, Suzhou 215123, Peoples R China.
2016
发表期刊ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
ISSN0013-936X
卷号50期号:7页码:3852—3859
文章类型期刊文献
摘要The permeable reactive barrier (PRB) technique has attracted an increasing level of attention for the in situ remediation of contaminated groundwater. In this study, the macroscopic uptake behaviors and microscopic speciation of Eu(III) on hydroxyapatite (HAP) were investigated by a combination of theoretical modeling, batch experiments, powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) fitting, and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). The underlying removal mechanisms were identified to further assess the application potential of HAP as an effective PRB backfill material. The macroscopic analysis revealed that nearly all dissolved Eu(III) in solution was removed at pH 6.5 within an extremely short reaction time of 5 min. In addition, the thermodynamic calculations, desorption experiments, and PXRD and XAS analyses definitely confirmed the formation of the EuPO4 center dot H2O(s) phase during the process of uptake of dissolved Eu(III) by HAP via the dissolution precipitation mechanism. A detailed comparison of the present experimental findings and related HAP metal systems suggests that the relative contribution of precipitation to the total Eu(III) removal increases as the P:Eu ratio decreases. The dosage of HAP-based PRB for the remediation of groundwater polluted by Eu(III) and analogous trivalent actinides [e.g., Am(III) and Cm(III)] should be strictly controlled depending on the dissolved Eu(III) concentration to obtain an optimal P:M (M represents Eu, Am, or Cm) ratio and treatment efficiency.
关键词Groundwater Remediation Aqueous-solutions Metal Removal Sorption Phosphate Exafs Dissolution Americium Batch Acid
DOI10.1021/acs.est.5b05932
收录类别SCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000373655800065
引用统计
被引频次:30[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.sinap.ac.cn/handle/331007/25888
专题中科院上海应用物理研究所2011-2018年
通讯作者Yang, ST; Wang, S (reprint author), Soochow Univ, Sch Radiol & Interdisciplinary Sci RAD X, Suzhou 215123, Peoples R China.; Wang, S (reprint author), Jiangsu Higher Educ Inst, Collaborat Innovat Ctr Radiat Med, Suzhou 215123, Peoples R China.
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GB/T 7714
Xu, L,Zheng, T,Yang, ST,et al. Uptake Mechanisms of Eu(III) on Hydroxyapatite: A Potential Permeable Reactive Barrier Backfill Material for Trapping Trivalent Minor Actinides[J]. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY,2016,50(7):3852—3859.
APA Xu, L.,Zheng, T.,Yang, ST.,Zhang, LJ.,Wang, JQ.,...&Wang, S .(2016).Uptake Mechanisms of Eu(III) on Hydroxyapatite: A Potential Permeable Reactive Barrier Backfill Material for Trapping Trivalent Minor Actinides.ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY,50(7),3852—3859.
MLA Xu, L,et al."Uptake Mechanisms of Eu(III) on Hydroxyapatite: A Potential Permeable Reactive Barrier Backfill Material for Trapping Trivalent Minor Actinides".ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY 50.7(2016):3852—3859.
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