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Bayesian inference of nuclear symmetry energy from measured and imagined neutron skin thickness in Sn-116,Sn-118,Sn-120,Sn-122,Sn-124,Sn-130,Sn-132, Pb-208 , and Ca-48
Xu, J; Xie, WJ; Li, BA
2020
Source PublicationPHYSICAL REVIEW C
ISSN0556-2813
Volume102Issue:4Pages:-
Subtype期刊论文
AbstractThe neutron skin thickness Delta r(np) in heavy nuclei was known as one of the most sensitive terrestrial probes of the nuclear symmetry energy E-sym(rho) around 2/3 of the saturation density rho(0) of nuclear matter. Existing neutron skin data mostly from hadronic observables suffer from large uncertainties and their extraction from experiments are often strongly model dependent. While waiting eagerly for the promised model-independent and high-precision neutron skin data for Pb-208 and Ca-48 from the parity-violating electron scattering experiments (PREX-II and CREX at JLab as well as MREX at MESA), within the Bayesian statistical framework using the Skyrme-Hartree-Fock model we infer the posterior probability distribution functions (PDFs) of the slope parameter L of the nuclear symmetry energy at rho(0) from imagined Delta r(np)(Pb-208) = 0.15, 0.20, and 0.30 fm with a 1 sigma error bar of 0.02, 0.04, and 0.06 fm, respectively, as well as Delta r(np)(Ca-48) = 0.12, 0.15, and 0.25 fm with a la error bar of 0.01 and 0.02 fm, respectively. The results are compared with the PDFs of L inferred using the same approach from the available Delta r(np) data for Sn-116,Sn-118,Sn-120,Sn-122,Sn-124,Sn-130,Sn-132 from hadronic probes. They are also compared with results from a recent Bayesian analysis of the radius and tidal deformability data of canonical neutron stars from GW170817 and NICER. The neutron skin data for Sn isotopes gives L = 45.5(+)(21.6)(+26.5) MeV surrounding its mean value or L = 53.4(-29.5)(+18.6) MeV surrounding its maximum a posteriori value, respectively, with the latter smaller than but consistent with the L = 66(-20)(+12) MeV from the neutron star data within their 68% confidence intervals. We found that Delta r(np) = 0.17-0.18 fm in Pb-208 with an error bar of about 0.02 fm leads to a PDF of L compatible with that from analyzing the Sn data. To provide additionally useful information on L extracted from the Delta r(np) of Sn isotopes, the experimental error bar of Delta r(np) in Pb-208 should be at least smaller than 0.06 fm aimed by some current experiments. In addition, the Delta r(np)(Ca-48) needs to be larger than 0.15 fm but smaller than 0.25 fm to be compatible with the Sn and/or neutron star results. To further improve our current knowledge about L and distinguish its PDFs in the examples considered, even higher precisions leading to significantly less than +/- 20 MeV error bars for L at 68% confidence level are necessary.
KeywordPROTON-SCATTERING EQUATION DENSITIES RADII STATE
DOI10.1103/PhysRevC.102.044316
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.sinap.ac.cn/handle/331007/32725
Collection中科院上海应用物理研究所2011-2020年
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Shanghai Adv Res Inst, Shanghai 201210, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Shanghai Inst Appl Phys, Shanghai 201800, Peoples R China
3.Yuncheng Univ, Dept Phys, Yuncheng 044000, Peoples R China
4.Texas A&M Univ Commerce, Dept Phys & Astron, Commerce, TX 75429 USA
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GB/T 7714
Xu, J,Xie, WJ,Li, BA. Bayesian inference of nuclear symmetry energy from measured and imagined neutron skin thickness in Sn-116,Sn-118,Sn-120,Sn-122,Sn-124,Sn-130,Sn-132, Pb-208 , and Ca-48[J]. PHYSICAL REVIEW C,2020,102(4):-.
APA Xu, J,Xie, WJ,&Li, BA.(2020).Bayesian inference of nuclear symmetry energy from measured and imagined neutron skin thickness in Sn-116,Sn-118,Sn-120,Sn-122,Sn-124,Sn-130,Sn-132, Pb-208 , and Ca-48.PHYSICAL REVIEW C,102(4),-.
MLA Xu, J,et al."Bayesian inference of nuclear symmetry energy from measured and imagined neutron skin thickness in Sn-116,Sn-118,Sn-120,Sn-122,Sn-124,Sn-130,Sn-132, Pb-208 , and Ca-48".PHYSICAL REVIEW C 102.4(2020):-.
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