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Experimental and theoretical challenges in the search for the quark-gluon plasma: The STAR Collaboration's critical assessment of the evidence from RHIC collisions
Adams, J; Aggarwal, MM; Ahammed, Z; Amonett, J; Anderson, BD; Arkhipkin, D; Averichev, GS; Badyal, SK; Bai, Y; Balewski, J; Barannikova, O; Barnby, LS; Baudot, J; Bekele, S; Belaga, VV; Bellingeri-Laurikainen, A; Bellwied, R; Berger, J; Bezverkhny, BI; Bharadwaj, S; Bhasin, A; Bhati, AK; Bhatia, VS; Bichsel, H; Bielcik, J; Bielcikova, J; Billmeier, A; Bland, LC; Blyth, CO; Bonner, BE; Botje, M; Boucham, A; Bouchet, J; Brandin, AV; Bravar, A; Bystersky, M; Cadman, RV; Cai, XZ(蔡翔舟); Caines, H; Sanchez, MCD; Castillo, J; Catu, O; Cebra, D; Chajecki, Z; Chaloupka, P; Chattopadhyay, S; Chen, HF; Chen, Y; Cheng, J; Cherney, M; Chikanian, A; Christie, W; Coffin, JP; Cormier, TM; Cramer, JG; Crawford, HJ; Das, D; Das, S; de Moura, MM; Dedovich, TG; Derevschikov, AA; Didenko, L; Dietel, T; Dogra, SM; Dong, WJ; Dong, X; Draper, JE; Du, F; Dubey, AK; Dunin, VB; Dunlop, JC; Mazumdar, MRD; Eckardt, V; Edwards, WR; Efimov, LG; Emelianov, V; Engelage, J; Eppley, G; Erazmus, B; Estienne, M; Fachini, P; Faivre, J; Fatemi, R; Fedorisin, J; Filimonov, K; Filip, P; Finch, E; Fine, V; Fisyak, Y; Fu, J; Gagliardi, CA; Gaillard, L; Gans, J; Ganti, MS; Geurts, F; Ghazikhanian, V; Ghosh, P; Gonzalez, JE; Gos, H; Grachov, O; Grebenyuk, O; Grosnick, D; Guertin, SM; Guo, Y; Gupta, A; Gutierrez, TD; Hallman, TJ; Hamed, A; Hardtke, D; Harris, JW; Heinz, M; Henry, TW; Hepplemann, S; Hippolyte, B; Hirsch, A; Hjort, E; Hoffmann, GW; Huang, HZ; Huang, SL; Hughes, EW; Humanic, TJ; Igo, G; Ishihara, A; Jacobs, P; Jacobs, WW; Jedynak, M; Jiang, H; Jones, PG; Judd, EG; Kabana, S; Kang, K; Kaplan, M; Keane, D; Kechechyan, A; Khodyrev, VY; Kiryluk, J; Kisiel, A; Kislov, EM; Klay, J; Klein, SR; Koetke, DD; Kollegger, T; Kopytine, M; Kotchenda, L; Kramer, M; Kravtsov, P; Kravtsov, VI; Krueger, K; Kuhn, C; Kulikov, AI; Kumar, A; Kutuev, RK; Kuznetsov, AA; Lamont, MAC; Landgraf, JM; Lange, S; Laue, F; Lauret, J; Lebedev, A; Lednicky, R; Lehocka, S; LeVine, MJ; Li, C; Li, Q; Li, Y; Lin, G; Lindenbaum, SJ; Lisa, MA; Liu, F; Liu, H; Liu, L; Liu, QJ; Liu, Z; Ljubicic, T; Llope, WJ; Long, H; Longacre, RS; Lopez-Noriega, M; Love, WA; Lu, Y; Ludlam, T; Lynn, D; Ma, GL(马国亮); Ma, JG; Ma, YG(马余刚); Magestro, D; Mahajan, S; Mahapatra, DP; Majka, R; Mangotra, LK; Manweiler, R; Margetis, S; Markert, C; Martin, L; Marx, JN; Matis, HS; Matulenko, YA; McClain, CJ; McShane, TS; Meissner, F; Melnick, Y; Meschanin, A; Miller, ML; Minaev, NG; Mironov, C; Mischke, A; Mishra, DK; Mitchell, J; Mohanty, B; Molnar, L; Moore, CF; Morozov, DA; Munhoz, MG; Nandi, BK; Nayak, SK; Nayak, TK; Nelson, JM; Netrakanti, PK; Nikitin, VA; Nogach, LV; Nurushev, SB; Odyniec, G; Ogawa, A; Okorokov, V; Oldenburg, M; Olson, D; Pal, SK; Panebratsev, Y; Panitkin, SY; Pavlinov, AI; Pawlak, T; Peitzmann, T; Perevoztchikov, V; Perkins, C; Peryt, W; Petrov, VA; Phatak, SC; Picha, R; Planinic, M; Pluta, J; Porile, N; Porter, J; Poskanzer, AM; Potekhin, M; Potrebenikova, E; Potukuchi, BVKS; Prindle, D; Pruneau, C; Putschke, J; Rakness, G; Raniwala, R; Raniwala, S; Ravel, O; Ray, RL; Razin, SV; Reichhold, D; Reid, JG; Reinnarth, J; Renault, G; Retiere, F; Ridiger, A; Ritter, HG; Roberts, JB; Rogachevskiy, OV; Romero, JL; Rose, A; Roy, C; Ruan, L; Russcher, M; Sahoo, R; Sakrejda, I; Salur, S; Sandweiss, J; Sarsour, M; Savin, I; Sazhin, PS; Schambach, J; Scharenberg, RP; Schmitz, N; Seger, J; Seyboth, P; Shahaliev, E; Shao, M; Shao, W; Sharma, M; Shen, WQ(沈文庆); Shestermanov, KE; Shimanskiy, SS; Sichtermann, E; Simon, F; Singaraju, RN; Smirnov, N; Snellings, R; Sood, G; Sorensen, P; Sowinski, J; Speltz, J; Spinka, HM; Srivastava, B; Stadnik, A; Stanislaus, TDS; Stock, R; Stolpovsky, A; Strikhanov, M; Stringfellow, B; Suaide, AAP; Sugarbaker, E; Suire, C; Sumbera, M; Surrow, B; Swanger, M; Symons, TJM; de Toledo, AS; Tai, A; Takahashi, J; Tang, AH; Tarnowsky, T; Thein, D; Thomas, JH; Timoshenko, S; Tokarev, M; Trentalange, S; Tribble, RE; Tsai, OD; Ulery, J; Ullrich, T; Underwood, DG; Van Buren, G; van Leeuwen, M; Vander Molen, AM; Varma, R; Vasilevski, IM; Vasiliev, AN; Vernet, R; Vigdor, SE; Viyogi, YP; Vokal, S; Voloshin, SA; Waggoner, WT; Wang, F; Wang, G; Wang, XL; Wang, Y; Wang, ZM; Ward, H; Watson, JW; Webb, JC; Westfall, GD; Wetzler, A; Whitten, C; Wieman, H; Wissink, SW; Witt, R; Wood, J; Wu, J; Xu, N; Xu, Z; Xu, ZZ; Yamamoto, E; Yepes, P; Yurevich, VI; Zborovsky, I; Zhang, H; Zhang, WM; Zhang, Y; Zhang, ZP; Zoulkarneev, R; Zoulkarneeva, Y; Zubarev, AN; Hallman, TJ (reprint author), Brookhaven Natl Lab, Upton, NY 11973 USA
2005
Source PublicationNUCLEAR PHYSICS A
ISSN0375-9474
Volume757Issue:40545Pages:102
AbstractWe review the most important experimental results from the first three years of nucleus-nucleus collision studies at RHIC, with emphasis on results from the STAR experiment, and we assess their interpretation and comparison to theory. The theory-experiment comparison suggests that central Au + Au collisions at RHIC produce dense, rapidly thermalizing matter characterized by: (1) initial energy densities above the critical values predicted by lattice QCD for establishment of a quark-gluon plasma (QGP); (2) nearly ideal fluid flow, marked by constituent interactions of very short mean free path, established most probably at a stage preceding hadron formation; and (3) opacity to jets. Many of the observations are consistent with models incorporating QGP formation in the early collision stages, and have not found ready explanation in a hadronic framework. However, the measurements themselves do not yet establish unequivocal evidence for a transition to this new form of matter. The theoretical treatment of the collision evolution, despite impressive successes, invokes a suite of distinct models, degrees of freedom and assumptions of as yet unknown quantitative consequence. We pose a set of important open questions, and suggest additional measurements, at least some of which should be addressed in order to establish a compelling basis to conclude definitively that thermalized, deconfined quark-gluon matter has been produced at RHIC. (c) 2005 Published by Elsevier B.V.
Subject AreaChemistry
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding Project应物所项目组
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.sinap.ac.cn/handle/331007/8281
Collection中科院上海应用物理研究所2004-2010年
Corresponding AuthorHallman, TJ (reprint author), Brookhaven Natl Lab, Upton, NY 11973 USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Adams, J,Aggarwal, MM,Ahammed, Z,et al. Experimental and theoretical challenges in the search for the quark-gluon plasma: The STAR Collaboration's critical assessment of the evidence from RHIC collisions[J]. NUCLEAR PHYSICS A,2005,757(40545):102.
APA Adams, J.,Aggarwal, MM.,Ahammed, Z.,Amonett, J.,Anderson, BD.,...&Hallman, TJ .(2005).Experimental and theoretical challenges in the search for the quark-gluon plasma: The STAR Collaboration's critical assessment of the evidence from RHIC collisions.NUCLEAR PHYSICS A,757(40545),102.
MLA Adams, J,et al."Experimental and theoretical challenges in the search for the quark-gluon plasma: The STAR Collaboration's critical assessment of the evidence from RHIC collisions".NUCLEAR PHYSICS A 757.40545(2005):102.
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